UTS Library

Evidence-based Practice & PICO searching: PICO

In this guide:

Formulate the clinical questions in the PICO framework

P - Patient/Problem, Disease, Condition. (It's about who and what.)

I - Intervention, Exposure. (It's about how.)

C - Comparison (e.g. placebo, no teatment, alternative teatments).

O - Outcome.

Type of Scenario (Question):Therapy/Prevention, Diagnosis, Etiology, Prognosis, others

Example Scenario:

One of your regular patients asks to see you about a new herb called saw palmetto. He says that he has heard that it is good for prostate problems and as it is “natural”, has no side effects. You know that he is being treated for benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) with finasteride. What evidence can you find of the safety and efficacy of saw palmetto for BPH and what would you recommend to this patient?

 

P

I

C

O

What the letter stands for Patient/Problem, Disease, Condition Intervention, Exposure  Comparision  Outcome (clinical) 
Key words from the scenario  Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy   Saw Palmetto Finasteride  Safety and efficacy of Saw Palmetto for BPH 

 Search terms

benign prostatic hypertrophy

OR

BPH

OR

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

saw palmetto

OR

dwarf palm plant

OR

Serenoa repens

OR

Sabal

 finasteride  

To create your own PICO search table, download and edit this document.