UTS Library

Book

When referencing a book in the Harvard UTS Style, you will need the following information about the book:

  • the author or authors of the book
  • the year the book was published
  • if the book has been edited, the editors names
  • the title of the book (in italics)
  • if there are several editions, the edition number
  • the name of the publisher
  • the place of publication

In most cases this information can be found either on the front cover of the book or within the first few pages or by checking the library catalogue. Once you have collected this information you will need to arrange it as shown below. Roll the mouse over each section for a description of the information.

Chissick, M. & Kelman, A. 2002, Electronic commerce : law and practice, 3rd edn, Sweet & Maxwell, London.

Davinson, D.E. 1977, Theses and dissertations as information sources, C. Bingley, London. 

For more information about referencing a book please expand any of the options below. You can also get help with referencing at any time via the Ask a Librarian page.

Authors

One author

In text

(Allen 1973)

Two Authors

If there are two authors use an ampersand symbol between their names:
(Ashima & Hogue 2006)

Three Authors

If there are three use the ampersand symbol before the last author surname:
(Butler, Severino & Guerra 1997)

Four or more authors

List just the first author, followed by 'et al.':
(Olysen et al. 2003)

Reference list

Note that in the reference list all authors must be listed even if there are four or more.

Also note that only the first word of book titles and any other proper nouns (eg: English) are capitalised

For publishers and place names, capitalise the first letters of all major words (eg: Modern Language Association of America)

Allen, G.R. 1973, The graduate students' guide to theses and dissertations: a practical manual for writing and research,Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

Ashima, A. & Hogue, A. 2006, Writing academic English, 4th edn, Pearson Longman, White Plains, NY.

Butler, J.E., Severino, C. & Guerra, J.C. 1997, Writing in multicultural settings, Modern Language Association of America, New York.

Olysen, B., Patching, R., Oakham, K.M. & Sedorkin, G. 2003, Reporting in a multimedia world, Allen & Unwin Unwin, Crows Nest, NSW.


No author

In text

(Maximum Linux security: a hacker's guide to protecting your Linux server and workstation 1999)

Reference list

Where there is no author, place the book title alphabetically in the reference list.

Maximum Linux security: a hacker's guide to protecting your Linux server and workstation 1999, Prentice Hall, Hemel Hempstead, UK.

Organisation as an author

In text

(Mueller Associates & United States Department of Energy 1978)

Reference list

Mueller Associates & United States Deptartment of Energy 1978, Status of alcohol fuels utilization technology for highway transportation, Dept of Energy, Washington, D.C.

Books with a foreword written by a separate author

In text

Price said 'times were tough' (Spencer 2012, p. 4)

Price in her foreword to The neon jockey said 'times were tough' (Spencer 2012, p .4)

Reference list

Spencer, T. 2012, The neon jockey, Alabaster Press, Windhoek.

Quote from a work citing another author

Sometimes when you read a document it will quote from another author and you find that you want to use that quote.

For example, on page 78 of a book by Kip Thorne, written in 1994, you find a quote from a 1906 paper by Albert Einstein. To cite the work by Einstein you should mention Einstein's paper in the text and use Thorne as your in-text reference, with page number. nThere are many ways you could do this. Here are three examples:

Einstein stated in 1906 that 'time is relative' (Thorne 1994, p. 78).

Thorne (1994, p. 78) quotes Einstein as saying in 1906 that 'time is relative'.

The theory that 'time is relative' was first stated by Einstein in 1906 (Thorne 1994, p. 78).

In your reference list you must have the full reference for Thorne. If you wish, you may also include the reference for Einstein (you can get this from Thorne's bibliography). This isn't recommended however because you haven't actually consulted the Einstein paper directly.

Edited Book

An edited book is treated just like a regular book for the purposes of referencing, except that you place (ed.) or (eds) after the editor's name in the reference list. Use (ed.) for one editor and (eds) for more than one editor.

One editor

In text

(Hamilton 2005)

Reference list

Hamilton, P. (ed.) 2005, Visual research methods, vol. 4, Sage, London.

More than one editor

In text

(Turner & Roth 2003)

Note for in text referencing, if there are four or more editors, list just the first editor, followed by et al.

Reference list

Turner, S.P. & Roth, P.A. (eds) 2003, Blackwell guide to the philosophy of the social sciences, Blackwell, Oxford.

Edited Book with different chapter authors

For a book where different authors are listed at the beginning of each chapter you will need to collect this information to creat an entry in your reference list:

  • the author or authors of the book
  • the year the book was published
  • the name of the chapter in single quotes ' '
  • the editor or editors names, expressed as first initial(s) and then family name, preceded by the word in (see below)
  • the title of the book (in italics)
  • if there are several editions, the edition number
  • the name of the publisher
  • the place of publication
  • the page range of the chapter

In text

(Coleman 2003), (Riddick-Thomas 2009)

Reference list

Coleman, S. 2003, 'Democracy in an e-connected world', in R. Davidson (ed.), The e-connected world: risks and opportunitiesMcGill Queens University Press, Montreal, pp. 125-32.

Riddick-Thomas, N.M. 2009, 'Ethics in midwifery', in D.M. Fraser & M.A. Cooper (eds), Myles textbook for midwives, 15th edn, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, pp. 55-66.

Tips and Tricks

Use this format for a chapter within an edited book, where each chapter of the book has its own author and its own title.

If an electronic book chapter has an equivalent printed version, reference it as if it was the print version. Otherwise, use the chapter from online book format below.

In the examples, note the word 'in' in front of the editor names, and also that the editor initials come in front of their surnames, unlike the author initials which come after their surnames. 

In some textbooks, chapters are grouped together into Units, with unit editors, and some chapters have no listed authors. In such a case, use the unit editor in place of the author(see example below),

White, J. 2009, 'Nursing today', in J. Crisp & C. Taylor (eds), Potter & Perry's fundamentals of nursing, 3rd edn, Elsevier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, pp. 1-15.

If a chapter has been adapted and so has both an author and an adapter, list the adapter's name after the chapter title with the author's initials before the surname:

Lazear, J. 2015, 'Nursing management: diabetes mellitus', adapted by J. Alford, in D. Brown, H. Edwards, L. Seaton & T. Buckley (eds), Lewis's medical-surgical nursing: assessment and management of clinical problems, 4th edn, Elsevier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, pp. 1181-220.

Chapter within a print Edited Book

In text

(Coleman 2003), (Riddick-Thomas 2009)

Reference list

Coleman, S. 2003, 'Democracy in an e-connected world', in R. Davidson (ed.), The e-connected world: risks and opportunities, McGill Queens University Press, Montreal, pp. 125-32.

Riddick-Thomas, N.M. 2009, 'Ethics in midwifery', in D.M. Fraser & M.A. Cooper (eds), Myles textbook for midwives, 15th edn, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, pp. 55-66.

Tips and Tricks

Use this format for a chapter within an edited book, where each chapter of the book has its own author and its own title.

If an electronic book chapter has an equivalent printed version, reference it as if it was the print version. Otherwise, use the chapter from online book format below.

In the examples, note the word 'in' in front of the editor names, and also that the editor initials come in front of their surnames, unlike the author initials which come after their surnames. Use (ed.) for one editor, (eds) for more than one editor.

In some textbooks, chapters are grouped together into Units, with unit editors, and some chapters have no listed authors. In such a case, use the chapter author if there is one, and otherwise use the unit editor in place of the author (see first example below). If a chapter has been adapted, and so has both an author and an adapter, list the adapter's name after the chapter title (see second example below).

White, J. 2009, 'Nursing today', in J. Crisp & C. Taylor (eds), Potter & Perry's fundamentals of nursing, 3rd edn, Elsevier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, pp. 1-15.

Lazear, J. 2015, 'Nursing management: diabetes mellitus', adapted by J. Alford, in D. Brown, H. Edwards, L. Seaton & T. Buckley (eds), Lewis's medical-surgical nursing: assessment and management of clinical problems, 4th edn, Elsevier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, pp. 1181-220.

Zomorodi, M. 2015, 'Nursing management: the patient with a stroke', adapted by E.M. O'Brien & J. Barr, in D. Brown, H. Edwards, L. Seaton & T. Buckley (eds), Lewis's medical-surgical nursing: assessment and management of clinical problems, 4th edn, Elsevier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, pp. 1436-58.

Translation or Adaptation from an original

If referencing a translation or adaptation, use the publication details of the translation or adaptation (such as the year and place of publication, and the publisher), not the details of the original work.

If you have used the work in its original language, reference it with the original language details including the spelling conventions of the original language. If you wish you can add a translation of the title in parentheses (see the first Baudelaire example below).

In text

(Baudelaire 2004), (Baudelaire 2008), (Marquez 1998), (O'Brien 2008)

Reference list

Baudelaire, C.P. 2004, Les fleurs du mal (Flowers of evil), Gallimard, Paris.

Baudelaire, C.P. 2008, The flowers of evil, trans. J.N. McGowan, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

Marquez, G.G. 1998, One hundred years of solitude, trans. G. Rabassa, Perennial Classics, New York.

Kindler, L.L. & Polomano, R.C. 2015, ‘Pain management’, adapted by C. Douglas, in D. Brown, H. Edwards, L. Seaton & T. Buckley (eds), Lewis's medical-surgical nursing: assessment and management of clinical problems, 4th edn, Elsevier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, pp. 48-80.

The year of the reference is the year of publication of the translation or adaption, not of the original. In the Kindler example, it is the chapter that has been adapted, not the book, so the adapter's name comes after the chapter title not the book title.

Online or electronic book

There are three possibilities here:

  1. The online or electronic book is available in pdf format, with page numbering. In this case, reference it as you would a print book. (Most ebooks in the library are like this)

    Black, A. 2008, The West and Islam: religion and political thought in world history, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

    When in text referencing a quote from this kind of book, use the page number:

    (Black, 2008, p. 14)

  2. The online book is essentially a website, with no page numbers. In this case, reference it like a website. The publisher now refers to website hosting the book, and the place of publication now refers to the city where the host is based (this can be left out if not clear). You must also include the date you viewed the book online, followed by the full URL within angle brackets.

    Kim, A.J. 2000, Community building on the webSafari Books Online, Boston, viewed 1 June 2009,<http://proquest.safaribooksonline.com/0201874849>.

    When in-text quoting referencing a quote from this kind of book, use chapter to indicate the chapter, and para. to indicate a paragraph, instead of using a page number (see example below)

    (Kim 2000, chapter 1, para. 5)

    If your book is an online graphic novel with no page numbers, and you wish to quote from a specific panel, use chapter and/or panel numbers, eg (Spiegelman 2011, chapter 2, panel 3).

  3. The electronic book is on an ereader, such as Kindle. In this case reference it similarly to a print book (see the Martin example below) with the words 'electronic book' directly after the title. Get the book's citation details from the page after the title page, or by using the 'Copyright' link in the table of contents, or from the site from which you downloaded the book, or as a last resort from Google. You don't need to put the place of publication if this is not clear. Do not put a URL or the type of reader.

    Martin, G.R.R. 2003, Game of thrones, electronic book, Harper Voyager, London.

    In text referencing a quote from this kind of device can be tricky as most readers can re-size pages, which changes the numbering. However at the bottom of the page you should see both the page number and the total number of pages (these are sometimes called locations). Use the ratio of these two numbers, eg (Martin 2003, p. 83/10893). Use p. even if the reader uses locations.

Chapter within a online or electronic edited book

We have the same three possibilities as for an online or electronic book:

  1. The electronic book is in pdf format, with page numbering. In this case, reference your chapter as the print version.

    Odih, P. & Knights, D. 2000, 'Just in time?', in J.R. Bryson, P.W. Daniels, N. Henry & J. Pollard (eds), Knowledge, space, economy, Routledge, London, pp. 96-117.
  2. The online book is essentially a website with no page numbers. In this case, reference your chapter like a website. The publisher now refers to the host of the website, and place of publication refers to the city where the host is based (this can be left out if not clear). You must also include the date you viewed the book online, followed by the full URL within angle brackets.

    Furfort, J. 2007, 'Tubular kells', in D. Delaney (ed.), Surfing Ireland, Blarney Publishing, Limerick, viewed 30 November 2017, <iwannamilkshake.com/vanilla>.
  3. The electronic book is on an ereader, such as Kindle. In this case reference your chapter similarly to a print book chapter with the words 'electronic book' directly after the book title. You don't need to put the place of publication in if this is not clear. Do not put a URL in your reference, or mention the type of reader you are using.

    Getting the page numbers for a chapter in an ebook reader is tricky as most readers can re-size pages, which changes the numbering. However at the bottom of each page you should see both the page number and the total number of pages (these are sometimes called locations). Use the ratio of the chapter page numbers and the total number (see the Lloyd example below, where the 75-119 are the chapter page numbers and 605 is the total number of pages). Use pp. even if the reader uses locations.

    Lloyd, C. 2006, 'Race and ethnicity', in M. Cook & G. Davie (eds), Modern France: society in transition, electronic book,Routledge, London, pp. 75-119/605.

If you need to insert page numbers in text, to reference a quotation for example, follow the examples in the online or electronic book section above.

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