UTS Library

Indigenous Materials

Images of Indigenous Artworks, Designs or Objects

References to Indigenous artworks, designs, objects, or images, need to note the Nation or Country and/or language group of the Indigenous person or community who created them, and where the people or Country are located. Sometimes this is not known, in which case we use "unrecorded location". This information is placed directly after the title. If the creator is not known we use "Unrecorded" in place of the creator. If there is no title, we use "Untitled". If there is no date, we use "n.d.". If the year is only known approximately we write "c." in front of the year, or use a range of years.

The references below would be referenced in text as follows: (McRae 1899), (Yirawala c. 1965), (Unrecorded 1912-13), (Wilson 2003), (Unrecorded n.d.), (Unrecorded 1800/1940), (Unrecorded 1860/1940), (Tjanpitjinpa 2001), (Campbell Jr 1988), (Apuatimi n.d.)

McRae, T. 1899, Rutherglen corroboree, Kwat Kwat clan, Wahgunyah district, Northeast Victoria, Australia, Google Cultural Institute, viewed 27 October 2016, <https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/asset/rutherglen-corroboree/lgHwL9l0sN44-w>.

Yirawala c. 1965, Maratlaitj, mother of tribes, Kuninjku (Eastern Kunwinjku) people, Maningrida, Central Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia, Google Cultural Institute, viewed 27 October 2016, <https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/asset/maralaitj-mother-of-the-tribes/ywFrMbZsuLSwBQ>.

Unrecorded 1912-13, Ancestor and snake, Western Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia, Google Cultural Institute, viewed 28 October 2016, <https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/asset/ancestor-and-snake/uwHcQPaRPH7dxw>.

Wilson, R. 2003, Syaw - fish net, Peppimenarti people, Fitzmaurice region, Northern Territory, Australia, Google Cultural Institute, viewed 29 October 2016, <https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/asset/syaw---fish-net/HAHSLdJUi9eewQ>.

Unrecorded n.d., Baiame cave, Wonnarua people, Hunter Valley, NSW, Australia, photographed by R. Downie, Flickr, viewed 31 October 2016, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/robertdownie/23277332960/>.

Unrecorded 1800/1940, X-ray kangaroo, Maung language group, Wellington Range, Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia, Google Cultural Institute, viewed 30 October 2016, <https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/asset/x-ray-kangaroo/xAFZtDFTBF_fMA>.

Unrecorded 1860/1940, Solid white female figure, Maung language group, Wellington Range, Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia, rock painting, Djulirri, Western Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia.

Tjanpitjinpa, R. 2001, Untitled, Pintupi people, Central and Western Desert, Northern Territory, Australia, painting, Art Gallery of NSW, Sydney.

Campbell Jr, R. 1988, Abo history (facts), Ngaku people, Kempsey, NSW, Australia, painting, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra.

Apuatimi, D. n.d., Bark painting, Tiwi people, Melville Island, Northern Territory, Australia, painting, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra.

The last few examples are references to the actual artworks, viewed and possibly photographed in person. In these cases, we also add the type of artwork or object immediately after the location of the Country.

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