UTS Library

Journal Article

Referencing examples of journal articles using the Harvard UTS Referencing style:

Referencing guidelines

Key elements of a journal article are:
Author(s) Year of publication, Title of the article ('in single quotes'), Journal name (in italics), Volume and issue numbers, Page numbers.

Almost all online journals have a printed equivalent. When this is the case reference it as the print version. This is partly because URLs for online articles are usually very long, and change with time; and partly because not everyone will be able to access the online journal in the same way that you did.

When referencing a journal article retrieved from an online database do not include the database name. The reason is the confusion that often arises when journals are duplicated across different databases, publishing companies merge, or online access to a provider stops.

Some journals don't have issue numbers: in this case just use the volume number.

Some journals don't use page numbers, but instead each article has its own number. An example is Physical Review Letters. In this case use the article number in place of the page numbers (there is an example below in the More than one author section).

If your journal article does not have a printed equivalent, or if the online version is significantly different from the print version, use the Online journal article format below.

If your journal article is not yet published use the In press format below.

Quote from a work citing another author

Sometimes a work you are using quotes a work from another author. For example, on page 7 of an article by Thorne, written in 2003, you find a quote from a 1906 paper by Albert Einstein. To cite the quote by Einstein you should mention it in the text and use Thorne as your in-text reference, with page number from Thorne. For example (and there could be many other variations):

Einstein stated in 1906 that 'time is relative' (Thorne 2003, p. 7).

Thorne (2003, p. 7) notes that in 1906 Einstein stated that 'time is relative'.

According to Thorne (2003, p. 7) it was Einstein who stated that 'time is relative' in 1906.

'Time is relative' according to Einstein (Thorne 2003, p. 7).

In your reference list you must have the full reference for Thorne. If you wish, you may also include the reference for Einstein (you can get this from Thorne's reference list); but this isn't normally recommended because you haven't actually consulted the Einstein paper directly.

Print or online

Almost all online journals have a printed equivalent. When this is the case reference it as the print version. This is partly because URLs for online articles are usually very long, and change with time; and partly because not everyone will be able to access the online journal in the same way that you did.

When referencing a journal article retrieved from an online database do not include the database name. The reason is the confusion that often arises when journals are duplicated across different databases, publishing companies merge, or online access to a provider stops.

If your journal article does not have a printed equivalent, or if the online version is significantly different from the print version, use the Online journal article format below.

No date

If you have no date for a reference, use n.d. (for 'no date') instead of the year. If you only have an approximate date, put c. (for 'circa', meaning around) in front of the year: eg (White n.d.) and (Newton c. 1713).

One author

Key elements of a journal article are:
Author(s) Year of publication, Title of the article ('in single quotes'), Journal name (in italics), Volume and issue numbers, Page numbers.

In text

(Bruggeman 1935)

Reference list

Bruggeman, D.A.G. 1935, 'Berechnung verschiedener physikalischer Konstanten von heterogenen Substanzen', Annalen der Physik (Leipzig), vol. 24, pp. 636-79.

More than one author

In text

If there are two or three authors, list their surnames with "&" before the last one. If there are four or more authors, list the first author only, followed by et al. The second example is of a journal that has article numbers instead of page numbers.

Example 1 - two authors
(Islamoglu & Keyder 1977)

Example 2 - three authors
(Barnoud, Rossi & Monticelli 2014)

Example 3 - four or more authors
(Gillespie et al. 1986)

Reference list

In your reference list you must always list all the author names.


Islamoglu, H. & Keyder, C. 1977, 'Agenda for Ottoman history', Review, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 31-55.

 
Barnoud, J., Rossi, G. & Monticelli, L. 2014, 'Lipid membranes as solvents for carbon nanoparticles', Physical Review Letters, vol. 112, no. 6, 068102.


Gillespie, N.C., Lewis, R.J., Pearn, J.H., Bourke, A.T.C., Holmes, M.J., Bourke, J.B. & Shields, W.J. 1986, 'Ciguatera in Australia: occurrence, clinical features, pathophysiology and management', Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 145, no. 11-12, pp. 584-90.

No author

In text

(‘Schuth wins Leibniz prize’ 2003)

Reference list

'Schuth wins Leibniz prize' 2003, Materials Today, vol. 6, no. 6, p. 61.

Online journal article

If there is no printed version, or if the online version is significantly different from the printed one, or there are no page numbers then use the format below. You must include the date you viewed the article, followed by the full URL within angle brackets.

In text

Note for in-text referencing, if there are four or more authors, list the first author followed by et al.

(Clark et al. 2003)

Reference list

Clark, J., Diefenderfer, C., Hammer, S. & Hammer, T. 2003, 'Estimating the area of Virginia', Journal of Online Mathematics and its Applications, vol. 3, viewed 6 October 2009, <http://mathdl.maa.org/mathDL/4/?pa=content&sa=viewDocument&nodeId=507>.

In press

If the article has been accepted for publication (so you know the journal name) but you don't know when it will be published, use 'in press' instead of the year and leave out all details following the journal title. If you know the year of publication (this must be the year of print publication even if it is published first electronically), you can use that and then use 'in press' following the journal title. If the article has been submitted but not yet accepted, use 'submitted' in place of the year and leave out the journal name as well.

In text

(Johnston in press), (Jilette & Teller 2012), (Whitbury submitted)

Reference list

Johnston, A.H. in press, 'Images of jellyfish in human history', Annals of Oceanic Art.

Jilette, P. & Teller, R.J. 2012, 'How to make fish disappear', Canadian Journal of Magic, in press.

Whitbury, M.J. submitted, 'New evidence on fake moon landings'.

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