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When to use et al,

Hi,

In the UTS Harvard reference guide it says to use et al. when referencing in-text 4 or more authors. Up to 3 authors we need to mention all names. 

My question is the following: when we have up to 3 authors, can I use et al. if I have mentioned the all the names previously in the same paper?  The Harvard reference guides indicate it as a rule. Did that change in the UTS Harvard?

Thanks you

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Answers

Hi Julien,

JingLi's picture
JingLi, 1 year ago

Hi Julien,

All of the three authors' surnames need to be included in the in-text citation everytime you cite this resource.

Regards,

Jiing 

Just to be sure, I can not

Julien's picture
Julien, 1 year ago

Just to be sure, I can not write as follow:

In this paper, the definition of identity follows the view of Alvesson et al. (2008)

The correct form is to repeat all authors' surname each time as follow:

In this paper, the definition of identity follows the view of Alvesson, Smith & Jones (2008) 

 

Thank you

Hi Julien,

D Litting's picture
D Litting, 1 year ago

Hi Julien,

et al actually kicks in at 4 authors. If you have 3 authors its (Alvesson, Smith & Jones 2008) every time.

Thanks

David

Hi David,

Julien's picture
Julien, 1 year ago

Hi David,

I probably wasn't clear in my question. I don't need a precision  on in-text reference such as (Alvesson, Smith & Jones 2008) but on the following. Which one is correct? Does the same rule apply?:

1) In this paper, the definition of identity follows the view of Alvesson et al. (2008)

2) In this paper, the definition of identity follows the view of Alvesson, Smith & Jones (2008) 

 

Thanks




Hi Julien,

D Litting's picture
D Litting, 1 year ago

Hi Julien,

I would take number 2 :) -if this Alvesson reference is the one you're talking about then it's a 3 author reference and as such you don't use et. al. If there are 4 or more authors you would use option 1. 

Hope this helps, let me know if not

David

david.litting@uts.edu.au

Ok great, so it's valid for

Julien's picture
Julien, 1 year ago

Ok great, so it's valid for all types of in-text references. That's what I was afraid of, now I need to update the 222 pages of my thesis!!!

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