UTS Library

32144 Technology Research Preparation: Narrowing a Topic

In this guide:

Narrowing a topic and developing a research question

You may already have chosen an interesting topic, but still don't know what your research question is. Gathering information will help you explore new possibilities and narrow your topic.

• Gather background information:
 - Use books and reference sources to get a general overview, e.g AccessScienceSafari Tech Books Online (ProQuest)
 - Find some review articles from a database, e.g. Web of ScienceScopus.

Make a concept table:
    Sample topic: Using machine learning to improve medical diagnosis 

Main terms

machine learning

 medical diagnosis



 computer-aided diagnosis   CAD

Related terms

any aspects, components, methodology or technologies related to the keywords

image recognition

pattern recognition


data analysis

deep learning

 computer-aided detection

 medical image analysis

 medical image processing

 • Ask yourself:
- What subtopics relate to the broader topic?
- What questions do these sources raise?
- What do you find interesting about the topic?

Concept Mapping: A diagram or graphical tool that visually represents relationships between concepts and ideas. 
- Place your main topic or term in a central position
- Create lines out to related terms, including what connects them to the lines.

Watch video on How to Create a Concept Map using Paper, Microsoft Word or Google Drive