UTS Library

Book

Use this format where the entire book is written by one or more authors.
Refer to the sections below if each chapter of the book is written by different authors, if the book has no page numbers and is viewed online or if your book is a Kindle or e-reader book.

Author Year, Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication.

In-text

... noted principles of today (Digital asset management 2012). Butler et al. (2009, p. 66) pointed out that the English language diaspora has significantly enriched the language. Even as early as the 1970s, the idea of language as an enabler was suggested (Mueller Associates & United States Department of Education 1973, p. 23) ...

Reference list

Butler, J.E., Severino, C., Guetta, D. & Guerra, J.C. 2009, Writing in multicultural settings, 4th edn, Modern Language Association of America, New York.

Digital asset management 2012, Focal Press, Boston, Mass.

Mueller Associates & United States Department of Education 1973, English language development within immigrant communities, Department of Education, Washington, D.C.

Tips:

  • Because books are long, it’s best to include a page number in your in-text reference, even if you are just paraphrasing. FASS students should always include a page number when paraphrasing.
  • It is not usual to refer to a specific chapter in a book in an in-text citation, if all the chapters are written by the same author(s). Instead, you should refer to the relevant pages within the book.
  • If the book is the first edition, you do not need to mention the edition in your reference list.
  • For book titles only capitalise the first word and any proper nouns.
  • For publishers and place names capitalise the first letters of all major words.

Need more help?
Learn about authors, in-text citations and more or how to enter a book into EndNote.

Select the headings below for information on chapters from edited books, eBooks, Kindle, religious texts, translated and adapted books.

Edited book

An edited book is treated just like a regular book for the purposes of referencing, except that (ed.) or (eds) is placed after the editor's name(s) in the reference list. Textbooks are often edited books. If you are referring to a specific chapter within an edited book, rather than to the entire book, see chapter in an edited book.

Editor Year, Title, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Use (ed.) if there is only one editor.

In-text

Hamilton (2005, p. 23) notes that conventional critiques of documentary portray reality as a ‘rehearsed construction’.

Reference list

Hamilton, P. (ed.) 2005, Visual research methods, 4th edn, Sage, London.

Use (eds) if there is more than one editor.

In-text

One of the criticisms levelled at the social sciences was that the predictions that they could make were confined to the qualitative (Turner & Roth 2003).

Reference list

Turner, S.P. & Roth, P.A. (eds) 2003, Blackwell guide to the philosophy of the social sciences, Blackwell, Oxford, UK.

Unsure about your referencing? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter an edited book into EndNote.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Use this format for a book chapter from a book where each chapter has its own author(s) and its own title. If you are reading a book chapter online, but the book still has page numbers, also use this format. If the chapter has no page numbers, see eBook.

Author Year, ‘Chapter title’, in Editor (ed.), Book title, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication, Page range.

Use (ed.) if there is only one editor. Note the word 'in' before the editor name. Editors' initials come in front of their surnames.

In-text

Coleman (2003, p. 127) suggests the internet has been an instigator of democratic movements in autocratic countries ...

Reference list

Coleman, S. 2003, 'Democracy in an e-connected world', in R. Davidson (ed.), The e-connected world: risks and opportunities, McGill University Press, Montreal, pp. 125-32.

Use (eds) if there is more than one editor.

In-text

Riddick-Thomas states that communication during labour is an ‘intrinsic part of the midwife’s role’ (2009, p. 59).

Reference list

Riddick-Thomas, N.M. 2009, 'Ethics in midwifery', in D.M. Fraser & M.A. Cooper (eds), Myles textbook for midwives, 15th edn, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, UK, pp. 55-66.

If a chapter has been adapted, and thus has both an author and an adapter, list the names of the adapters after the chapter title, with the adapter's initials in front of the surname.

In-text

... symptoms include tingling in the extremities (Lazear 2015, p. 1190).

Reference list

Lazear, J. 2015, 'Nursing management: diabetes mellitus', adapted by J. Alford, in D. Brown, H. Edwards, L. Seaton & T. Buckley (eds), Lewis's medical-surgical nursing: assessment and management of clinical problems, 4th edn, Elsevier Australia, Chatswood, NSW, pp. 1181-220.

Some books number pages by chapter. In these situations use a colon after the chapter number to indicate page range.

In-text

... (Fagaly & Macintyre 2014, p. 7) state that bromine is an effective diagnostic indicator for these sort of polyps.

Reference list

Fagaly, R.L. & Macintyre, S.A. 2014, 'Magnetic field measurement', in J.G. Webster & H. Eren (eds), Measurement, instrumentation, and sensors handbook: electromagnetic, optical, radiation, chemical, and biomedical measurement, 2nd edn, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 39:1-32.

Trouble with your in-text citations? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter a chapter in an edited book into EndNote.

eBook

Generally, if the book has page numbers you treat it like a print version, even if you are reading it online. However, if the book you are reading online has no page numbers, use this template. If you are reading a book on an eReader such as a Kindle, use the eReader or Kindle template.

Author Year, Title, electronic book, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication, viewed date, <URL>.

When quoting from a web based eBook, use chap. to indicate the chapter, and para. to indicate a paragraph, instead of using a page number.

In-text

The Bennet family are clearly excited by this news (Austen 2018, chap. 13, para. 6).

Reference list

Austen, J. 2018, Pride and prejudice, electronic book, Project Gutenberg, viewed 1 April 2019, <http://gutenberg.org/files/1342/1342-h/1342-h.htm>.

If you are looking at a book without page numbers found on a library database behind a paywall, use the database name instead of the URL.

In-text

In modern architecture, open space came to be seen as having its own identity, rather than just being considered as gulfs between walls (Makstutis 2010) ...

Reference list

Makstutis, G. 2010, Architecture, electronic book, Laurence King, viewed 1 June 2018, <Safari ebooks>.

When each chapter in an eBook has its own author and its own title, the format is similiar to a chapter from an edited print book. However you must include the viewed date and URL.

In-text

Rosen noted that ‘online we tend to form communities in our favourite spaces’ (2012, para. 20) ...

Reference list

Rosen, J. 2012, 'The people formerly known as the audience', in M. Mandiberg (ed.), The social media reader, electronic book, New York University Press, viewed 1 June 2018, <Proquest ebooks>.

Want to learn more about how to reference sources that you found online? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter an eBook or chapter in an eBook into EndNote.

Kindle or eReader

To help people know you were reading on a Kindle or eReader, add the type of source after the title. You do not need to include a viewed date or URL.

Author Year, Title, Type of source, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Because pages on an eReader can be resized, when quoting use the page number seen on your screen reader and then place a forward slash and indicate the total length of the book. This will help the reader adjust the number of pages of their book to match yours, so that they can locate the quote.

In-text

… ‘the night is dark and full of terrors’ (Martin 2003, p. 71/512).

Reference list

Martin, G.R.R. 2003, A song of fire and ice, Kindle book, Harper Voyager, London.

When each chapter in a Kindle or eReader has its own author and its own title, the format is similiar to a chapter from an edited print book. However, when describing the page range of the chapter, use a forward slash and write the total pages of the book as well. Because you are using page numbers in the reference list, you need to use them in-text as well.

In-text

… ‘there are a number of important social and political issues connected with the middle class’ (Lloyd 2006, p. 79/605).

Reference list

Lloyd, C. 2006, 'Race and ethnicity', in M. Cook & G. Davies (eds), Modern France: society in transition, Kindle book, Routledge, London, pp. 75-119/605.

Want to know more about online only material?
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter a Kindle of eReader book into EndNote.

Translated or adapted book

Use the information from the version you have read when referencing the translation or adaption of a book, and do not reference the original work it is based on. Note that the translator or adapter's initials come in front of their surnames. With books, it is best to include a page number in the in-text reference, even if you are just paraphrasing.

See referencing a non English title, for instructions on how to reference in another language.

Author Year, Title, Translator or adapter's Name, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Use 'adapted by’ before the adapter’s name.

In-text

Being too small to use the giant’s household items, Gulliver built his own little home, known as the travelling box (Swift 1995, p. 57).

Reference list

Swift, J. 1995, Gulliver’s travels, adapted by M. Vogel, Baronet Books, New York.

Use 'trans.' before the translator’s name.

In-text

In The sick muse Beaudelaire yearns for the era of ‘Phoebus, and Pan’ (2008, p. 14).

Reference list

Baudelaire, C.P. 2008, The flowers of evil, trans. J.N. McGowan, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

If you used the work in its original language, reference it with the original language details, including the spelling conventions of the original language. If you wish, you can add a translation of the title in parentheses.

In-text

‘Elle ravale ainsi l'écume de sa haine’ (Baudelaire 2004, p. 9)

Reference list

Baudelaire, C.P. 2004, Les fleurs du mal (Flowers of evil), 4th edn, Gallimard, Paris.

Trouble with a tricky reference? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter a translated or adapted book into EndNote.

Religious text

Generally you need only cite the chapter and verse from a religious text like the Qur’an or the Bible in the text of your writing, and you do not need to cite the text in your reference list. However, you should cite the text in your reference list if the translation or wording of a particular edition of the text is important to your work, or if you are comparing translations of religious texts.

Author Year, Title, Translator, Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Year in this case refers to the particular edition of the book you are using, not the original date of creation. Note the translator’s initials come before their surname.

In-text

‘Therefore the sage keeps to the deed that consists in taking no action and practices the teaching that uses no words’ (Laozi 1976, p. 58).

Reference list

Laozi 1976, Tao te ching, trans. D.C. Lau, Penguin, Harmondsworth, UK.

If there is no author attributed to the text begin the reference with the title in italics. Generally with the the Qur’an it is common to cite a section with the relevant Surah and Ayah. Surah refers to chapter and Ayah to verse. It is common to refer to the Surah number with Roman numerals. Eg: Surah XXVI, Ayah 50.

In-text

… (Qur’an 1997, Surah XXVI, Ayah 50).

Reference list

Qur'an 1997, trans. M.H. Shakir, 6th edn, Tahrike Tarsile Qur’an, Elmhurst, NY.

If the religious text was viewed online and has no page numbers, add a viewed date and URL to the reference. Generally with the Bible you quote the chapter and verse rather than a page number, as this is the method most commonly used in literature, for example Revelation 7:17.

In-text

(Good News Bible, Revelation 7:17)…

Reference list

Good News Bible 1992, trans. American Bible Society, viewed 29 May 2018, <https://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Good-News-Translation-GNT-Bible/>.

Unsure about your sources? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter a religious text into EndNote.

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