UTS Library

Journal Article

Scholarly or peer-reviewed journal articles are written and fact checked by academics or professionals who are experts in their field. Journal issues are released at regular intervals, so you must specify the volume and issue numbers to your reader.

If you need help locating all the information for a journal article reference, please refer to the examples provided on Identifying Sources.

Author Year, 'Title of journal article', Journal title, Volume number, Issue number, Page range.


‘... as it was' (St John 2018, p. 270). Wilson et al. (2018) gave insight into causal chain ends as theorised by Raza (2010).

Reference List

Raza, S. 2010, 'A conflict analysis methodology for formulating security policy and strategy', Security and Defense Studies Review, vol. 10, Spring-Summer, pp. 23-47.

St John, N. 2018, 'Australian communication design history: an indigenous retelling', Journal of Design History, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 255-73.

Wilson, R.S., Pearce, T., Jones, K., Fleischfresser, S., Davis, B., Jones, G. & Lieske, S. 2018, 'Indigenous land management in peri-urban landscapes: an Australian example', Society & Natural Resources, vol. 21, no. 10, pp. 335-50.


  • In the title of the journal article capitalise only the first word and proper nouns. In the journal title capitalise all major words.
  • Sometimes an issue will be referred to by a season or month, rather than by a number. If this happens, use the season or month as the issue number in your reference list, without the 'no.' (as in the second example above).
  • If the journal article is online but has page numbers and is available as a PDF, reference it as the print version using the format above. Only use the online format if the article has no page numbers.
  • If the journal article has an article number and all articles begin on page 1, use the journals with article numbers format.
  • If your journal article title is written in a foreign language, see our rules about non-English titles.

Need more help?
Learn about authors, in-text citations and more or how to enter a journal article into EndNote.

Select the headings below for information on journals with no page numbers, journals with article numbers, in press and unpublished journal articles.

Online journal article

Sometimes online articles are only available in an HTML format, and thus may not use page numbers. If the article you are reading comes in PDF form or has page numbers use the print journal article format above instead.

Author Year, ‘Title of journal article’, Journal title, Volume number, Issue number, viewed date, <URL>.

If you are quoting, use a paragraph number with the abbreviation para. to help the reader locate the words you’ve used.


‘Riemann sums and the computer algebra system MAPLE were used to make the calculations' (Clark et al. 2003, para. 17)

Reference list

Clark, J., Diefenderfer, C., Hammer, S. & Hammer, T. 2003, 'Estimating the area of Virginia', Journal of Online Mathematics and its Applications, vol. 3, viewed 6 October 2018, <http://mathdl.maa.org/mathDL/4/?pa=content&sa=viewDocument&nodeId=507>.

If the article has no page numbers and is found in a library database behind a paywall, replace the URL with the database name.


Architectural firm Katerra is best known for its work in mass timber construction (Gragg 2018).

Reference list

Gragg, R. 2018, ‘Design-build giant Katerra acquires architecture firms’, Architectural Record, vol. 206, no. 7, viewed 7 November 2018, <Proquest database>.

Juggling too many authors? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter a online journal article into EndNote.

Journals with article numbers

Some journals such as British Medical Journal (BMJ) and Physical Review Letters use an unusual numbering system where all articles are marked with an article number and all articles begin on page 1. To reference these articles we use the journal article template, with a modified page convention.

Author Year, ‘Title of journal article’, Journal title, Volume number, Issue number, Page range.

Add the article number in the page range, followed by a colon, then list the page range.


Semsarian and Ingles (2016) advocate for training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the availability of defibrillators at sports venues...

Reference list

Semsarian, C. & Ingles, J. 2016, ‘Preventing sudden cardiac death in athletes’, BMJ, vol. 353, pp. i1270:1-2.

For simplicity, when quoting from these articles, you do not need to include the article number in-text.


‘There are no apparent obstacles to discretizing the theory using an action similar to the one commonly used for domain wall fermions’ (Grabowska & Kaplan 2016, p. 3).

Reference list

Grabowska, D.M. & Kaplan, D.B. 2016, ‘Nonperturbative regulator for chiral gauge theories?’, Physical Review Letters, vol. 116, no. 21, pp. 211602:1-5.

Have a quote within your quote? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter a journal article into EndNote.

In press or unpublished journal article

In press articles are journal articles that have been submitted to a journal and in some cases published in some form, but which have not yet been formally assigned to a particular issue of a journal. For this reason they lack a volume, issue and page range information. If quoting from an in press or unpublished article, use the page numbers of the version that you have, even though these may be slightly different from the page numbering in the (eventually) published version.

Author Year, 'Article title', Journal title.

If the article has been accepted for publication (so you know the journal name), but you don't know when it will be published, use 'in press' instead of the year.


... lithographs of the coast often link the prevalence of jellyfish with 'bad weather and bad fishing' (Johnston in press, p. 8).

Reference list

Johnston, A.H. in press, 'Images of jellyfish in human history', Annals of Oceanic Art.

If you know the year of publication, you can use that and then use 'in press' following the journal title.


Goldfish are usually considered the 'best fish for use in magic, both for their colour and docility' (Jilette & Teller 2012, p. 2).

Reference list

Jilette, P. & Teller, R.J. 2012, 'How to make fish disappear', Canadian Journal of Magic, in press.

If the article has been submitted but not yet accepted, use 'submitted' in place of the year and leave out the journal name as well.


Props sold from sound stages used by Kubrick included large scale models of lunar craters made from 'whatever materials could be found at the time' (Whitbury submitted, p. 3).

Reference list

Whitbury, M.J. submitted, 'New evidence on fake moon landings'.

Referencing taking up too much of your time? 
Learn more about authors, in-text referencing and more or how to enter a journal article into EndNote.