UTS Library

Fake News - Display on Level 4

American Pravda - James O'Keefe

Fake news refers to false stories that appear to be news, spread on the internet or using other media, usually created to influence political views or sometimes as a practical joke. 

Unlike misinformation, which is inaccurate because a reporter has confused facts, fake news is created with the intent to manipulate someone or something.

Fake news can spread quickly when it provides disinformation that is aligned with the audience's point of view because such content is not likely to be questioned or discounted.

In recent years, the internet has provided a low-cost distribution channel for fake news. Social media websites in particular have proved to be an easy platform for distributing fake news.

How to Spot Fake News


  1. Digital disconnece: how capitalism is turning the internet against democracy
  2. The Yes Men: Andrew Bichlbaum
  3. How many Twitter followers are fakes?


  1. Fake news : falsehood, fabrication and fiction in journalism by Brian McNair
  2. News literacy : helping students and teachers decode fake news by Robert W. Janke and Bruce S. Cooper
  3. The smear : how shady political operatives and fake news control what you see, what you think, and how you vote by Sharyl Attkisson
  4. Overload : finding the truth in today's deluge of news by Bob Schieffer
  5. Post-truth : how bullshit conquered the world  Author By James Ball
  6. Virtual unreality : just because the Internet told you, how do you know it's true? By Charles Seife
  7. Will the last reporter please turn out the lights : the collapse of journalism and what can be done to fix it By Robert W. McChesney and Victor Pickard.
  8. News of the world? : fake sheikhs and royal trappings By Peter Burden
  9. American Pravda : my fight for truth in the era of fake news By James O'Keefe