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how can i write the in text reference if the author quote another's idea?

how can i write the in text reference if the author quote another's idea? 

1 answer


Hi Chen,

D Litting's picture
D Litting, 4 years ago

Hi Chen,

Good question! We get this question a lot. If you'll forgive me I'll just cut paste some text from our referencing pages about it.



Quote from a work citing another author

Sometimes a work you are using quotes a work from another author. For example, on page 17 of an article or book by Thorne, written in 2003, you find a quote from a 1906 paper by Albert Einstein. To cite the quote by Einstein you should mention it in the text and use Thorne as your in-text reference, with page number from Thorne. For example (and there could be many other variations):

Einstein stated in 1906 that 'time is relative' (Thorne 2003, p. 17).

Thorne (2003, p. 17) notes that in 1906 Einstein stated that 'time is relative'.

According to Thorne (2003, p. 17) it was Einstein who stated that 'time is relative' in 1906.

Einstein (1906, cited in Thorne 2003, p.17) stated that time is relative.

'Time is relative' according to Einstein (Thorne 2003, p. 17).

'Time is relative' (Einstein, cited in Thorn 2003, p. 17).

In your reference list you must have the full reference for Thorne. If you wish, you may also include the reference for Einstein (you can get this from Thorne's reference list); but this isn't normally recommended because you haven't actually consulted the Einstein paper directly.

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