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Referencing a downloaded pdf

I found a source from ResearchGate and I have to download the pdf, so there is no proper link I can use to reference the pdf directly. How do I reference the pdf without a link?

1 answer


Hi Janice,

D Litting's picture
D Litting, 7 months ago

Hi Janice,

Usually a paper can be referenced without a URL in Harvard UTS or APA. Generally you just leave that aspect of the reference out. Alternatively you can copy the link from the name of the paper in the results page in Google and treat that like the URL.

If you have any additional questions do let me know,


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