Open Access Publishing

Benefits of Open Access

Open Access publishing has many benefits for communities, institutions, and individuals. Publishing your work openly can:

  • increase your visibility and the impact of your work
  • unlock opportunities for collaboration
  • increase citation rates
  • ensure compliance with grant and funding rules
  • allow researchers in developing countries to see your work
  • allow your work to influence policy
  • ensure taxpayers get value for (research) money and can access your findings

Open Access explained

Open Access describes scholarly and scientific research that is openly and freely accessible to anyone regardless of their ability to pay. It sits in opposition to published research kept behind subscription paywalls that is accessible only when an institution or individual pays for access. Open Access research with the Creatives Commons Attribution (CC BY) license means the researcher has retained copyright ownership of their own work (and not handed it over to the publisher) and they have given any person or machine the right to read, analyse, share or reuse the research in any way, as long as, the original researcher is acknowledged as the author of the original work.

Open Access can be achieved in the following three main ways:

Green Open Access

Research that is published in either closed or open journals and other publishing platforms can be made Open Access via an institutional (e.g., OPUS) or subject based repository (e.g., arXiv). If a published version of research sits behind a paywall, an Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM) - the peer reviewed and edited but unpublished version of the article - can usually be made available with publisher permission in a repository for public access.

Gold Open Access

Research that is freely and publicly available globally upon publication. Financial models that support this form of publishing include Article Processing Charges (APC) where an author(s) or their institution or funder pays an APC for the work to be peer-reviewed, edited, typeset, and published. Some publishers are financially sponsored to provide free to publish and free to read and reuse Open Access journals, among them, university presses including UTS ePRESS.

Hybrid Access

In Hybrid Access, authors are charged Article Processing Charges (APC) in addition to institutions often being charged a subscription to the same journal content. UTS Library does not support payment of APC's to hybrid journals.

Additional resources

Open Access policies

ARC Open Access Policy

The ARC Open Access policy states that any research output arising from ARC Funded Research must be made openly accessible within a 12-month period from the date of publication. The policy also requires that the metadata of all ARC funded research outputs be made available to the public in an institutional repository within 3 months of the publication date.

NHMRC Open Access Policy

The NHMRC Open Access Policy requires that all peer-reviewed journal articles and peer-reviewed conference papers arising from NHMRC funded research must be:

  • made immediately open access, without any embargo period (e.g. publisher website or institutional repository) 
  • published with a Creative Commons Attribution 'CC BY' licence
  • the metadata for the peer-reviewed publication must be made openly accessible via an institutional repository within 3 months of the publication date.

UTS Open Access Policy

The UTS Open Access Policy requires UTS researchers to deposit their research publications to OPUS, the UTS institutional repository, to facilitate public access to the University’s research. While OPUS aims to provide full-text access to all UTS research outputs, some items may be unavailable due to publisher embargo periods or other copyright restrictions.

Read & Publish agreements

Read & Publish agreements enable UTS staff and higher degree research students to publish Open Access in select journal titles without paying an article processing charge (APC), subject to meeting all requirements.

These agreements have been negotiated by CAUL (Council of Australian University Librarians) for institutions in Australia and New Zealand and more publishers will be offered each year. The publishers have not charged an additional fee for the agreements UTS has signed.

Publishing with a Read & Publish agreement

To publish under a Read & Publish agreement, check the publishing requirements then follow the publisher's article submission process (further details on submitting covered in Summary of agreements available at UTS). You are still required to submit your article to Symplectic Elements, the UTS research outputs management system.

Once an article is accepted, the publisher will provide notification that you are eligible to publish your article Open Access with the APC waived.

Publishing requirements

Publish Open Access and have the article processing charge (APC) waived under a Read & Publish agreement by meeting the following requirements:

  • The journal must be one of the titles included in the publisher’s Australian Read & Publish agreement, outlined below under Summary of agreements available at UTS.
  • The corresponding author’s institutional library must have signed to the publisher’s Read & Publish agreement.
  • The article must be an eligible article type as outlined under Summary of agreements available at UTS.
  • Some publishers have a cap on the number of articles that receive an APC waiver (e.g. Springer Nature and Wiley). With these publishers, there must be credits available in the national APC credit pool. This page will be updated if all APC credits have been used.
  • The corresponding author must follow each publisher's instructions for submitting articles, in order to publish under the agreement.
  • The corresponding author must use the affiliation of the institution that has signed to the agreement and use their affiliation email (e.g., University of Technology Sydney,,

Detailed information about any additional requirements or restrictions are listed below or available by following the links provided.

Summary of agreements available to UTS

Company of Biologists

  • This agreement allows authors from UTS to publish Open Access with no transactional APC in the following journals:
    • Development  
    • Journal of Cell Science 
    • Journal of Experimental Biology 
  • Original research paper articles are eligible under this agreement. Authors may publish excluded article types as “closed access” or pay an APC (if applicable) to make the article Open Access. 
  • There are no caps or tokens required to publish in these titles. Authors can publish an unlimited number of open access articles.

Further information is available under How to submit your article for Open Access publishing via Read & Publish Agreements Negotiated - Company of Biologists by CAUL.

Springer Nature

  • This agreement allows authors from UTS to publish Open Access in selected hybrid access journals with the APC waived. It includes most titles across Springer Nature imprints including Springer, Palgrave, ADIS, and Academic Journals on Please note: Nature titles are not included.
  • Eligible article types include:
    • Original Paper: Standard article, generally presenting new results which may also be referred to as Original Research, Original Article, Original Paper or Research Paper.
    • Review Paper: Standard article, interpreting previously published results.
    • Brief Communication: Short article submitted for rapid publication that exhibits the same structure as a standard article.
    • Continuing Education: Article forming integral part of further education (usually medical).

Further information is available under How to submit your article for Open Access publishing via Read & Publish Agreements Negotiated - Springer by CAUL and demonstrated in the Author Journey and Article Approval video.



  • This agreement allows authors from UTS to publish Open Access in select Wiley and Hindawi journals with the APC waived.
  • Eligible article types are primary research and review articles, case studies, reviews, and short communications.

Further information is available under How to submit your article for Open Access publishing via Read & Publish Agreements Negotiated - Wiley by CAUL.

Read & Publish glossary

APC (Article Processing Charge) – a charge paid to the publisher to make an article Open Access.

APC credit pool – number of credits provided by the publisher each year to waive APC charges. These are shared nationally on a first come, first serve basis.

Author Accepted Manuscript - the peer reviewed and edited but unpublished version of the article.

CAUL (Council of Australian University Librarians) - the peak body for university libraries in Australia. Manages the CAUL consortium through which a significant portion of information resources in Australia and New Zealand are procured, including selection and negotiation of the Read & Publish agreements.

Gold OA – the publisher makes the final version of the article and all related content immediately freely available. The author usually pays an APC.

Hybrid Journal – a subscription journal in which individual articles may be made Open Access through payment of an APC. UTS Library does not support payment of APCs to hybrid journals. 

Read & Publish agreement – one subscription cost paid to the publisher to cover both access to paywalled content in journals, plus APCs for selected journal titles.

Transformative Agreement – often used interchangeably with Read & Publish or Publish & Read.

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